What is Rhinitis Sinusitis? | Symptoms | Types | Treatment

Rhinitis Sinusitis:

What is rhinitis sinusitis?

Rhinitis and Sinusitis are the two terms that refer to the Inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane as well as paranasal sinuses characterized by some symptoms (runny nose, itchy nose, sneezing, congestion in the nose & obstruction, headache etc.) Let’s know about the details of Rhinitis Sinusitis.

Rhinitis Symptoms

There are some symptoms of Rhinitis Sinusitis. The symptoms are mainly classified into two area. One is Primary symptoms and other is Secondary symptoms.

Primary Symptoms:

  • Rhinorrhea (anterior or posterior)
  • Itching
  • Sneezing
  • Nasal obstruction and congestion

Secondary Symptoms:

  • Cough
  • Headache
  • Facial pain
  • Pharyngitis
  • Poor olfaction
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Poor concentration
  • Exacerbation of lower respiratory tract problems

Rhinitis Sinus

Types of Rhinitis

There are generally two types of Rhinitis. They are:

  • Allergic Rhinitis
  • Non-allergic Rhinitis

 

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Allergic rhinitis sinusitis:

1. When Allergic Rhinitis occurs? 

It occurs when the body’s immune system over-responds to specific, non-infectious particles such as plant pollens, fungal spores, cockroach aeroallergens,  molds, dust mites, animal hair, tobacco smoke, dander from domestic pets and insect venom.

 

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2. How allergic rhino-sinusitis affect your body?

At the time of allergic attack

  • Antibodies, primarily immunoglobin E (IgE), attach to mast cells in the lungs, skin, and mucous membranes
  • Mast cells are those cells that release histamine
  • When IgE connects with the mast cells, a number of chemicals are released.
  • One of the chemicals named histamine opens the blood vessels
  • Causes skin redness and swollen membranes
  • This occurs in the nose. As a result, sneezing and congestion occur

 

rhinitis sinusitis

 

3. When Allergic Rhinitis occurs?

In the United States, rhinitic symptoms are observed usually from mid-August to mid-September. In the United Kingdom and other North European countries, the symptoms of Allergic Rhinitis are frequently caused in the late spring and early summer (hay fever season).

 

Types of Allergic Rhinitis

There are generally three kinds of Allergic Rhinitis. They are:

  • Seasonal
  • Perennial
  • Occupational

 

Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis

Seasonal allergic rhinitis are also called hay fever. Hay fever usually occurs in late summer or spring. It is a seasonal allergic rhinitis.

This is caused by an allergic response to airborne substances of the environment, like pollens. 

Here is an interesting matter. Hay fever does not denote that a person is allergic to hay or he has a fever. Hay is just an allergen. Mind it that, Fever is not a symptom of hay fever.

About 75 percent of the USA people suffer from this seasonal disorder according to International Health Source.

 

Perennial allergic rhinitis

It is a chronic allergic condition that occurs year-round with nasal congestion and a runny nose.

Dust mites, cats and dogs are the most common cause of perennial allergic rhinitis. It can also be caused by any other allergy that is present year round in the mucous of the nose.

Sometimes patients face facial pain or greenish-yellow nasal discharging. In case of this condition, the patients should take appropriate sinusitis treatment from a qualified doctor.

 

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Is Perennial allergic rhinitis a year-round problem?

From the medical study it is found that, a significant number of the bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus) stay in the nasal passages of patients with year-round. 

So, it is a year-round problem for some patients. There are some complications of allergic rhinitis.

 

Nonallergic Rhinitis

There is no need of the presence of IgE to make nonallergic rhinitis. There is no evidence of an allergic reaction. It is not due to an allergic reaction.

 

There are various triggers of nonallergic rhinitis symptoms. It includes pollutants, certain odors or irritants in the air, weather changes, alcoholic beverages, some medications, certain foods, cold and chronic health conditions.

Children and adults face nonallergic rhinitis. People generally face this problem after the age of twenty (20).

Rhinitis Treatment

What about your conditions? Is it severe problem or mild problem? If your problem is mild, then you can follow these ways –

  1. Home Treatment
  2. Avoid the triggers of this problems
  3. Try to avoid the risk factors of Rhinitis Sinusitis

 

If you face severe problems with rhinitis sinusitis, then follow the following ways –

 

1. Use saline nasal sprays:

You can use homemade salt-water solution or use over-the-counter nasal saline spray to get relief from the irritants of the nose.

2. Corticosteroid nasal sprays:

A good doctor must suggest you for a nonprescription corticosteroid nasal spray. He can prescribe you Fluticasone (Flonase Allergy Relief) or triamcinolone (Nasacort Allergy 24 Hour). This medication will help you to prevent the inflammation associated with some types of nonallergic rhinitis sinusitis.

 

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3. Antihistamine nasal sprays:

Doctor can prescribe antihistamine spray – azelastine (Astelin, Astepro) or olopatadine hydrochloride (Patanase). It contains an antihistamine that helps patients to reduce symptoms.

 

You can also use anti-drip anticholinergic nasal sprays. It may be helpful to you in terms of a runny, drippy nose is your main complaint.

 

FAQ

Are non allergic rhinitis sufferers at higher risk for/from covid?

In case of both allergic rhinitis and non allergic rhinitis, the risk from covid-19 is almost similar. By observing the hospitalized patients, this has been reported. But allergic rhinitis sufferers at very higher risk than the non allergic suffers.

What is Rhinitis Sinusitis? | Symptoms | Types | Treatment
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