What to Do When You Have a Migraine Attack

A migraine is a severe headache that often only affects one portion of the forehead and can be throbbing, pulsating, or both. High hypersensitivity to light and sound, as well as vomiting and nausea, are common side effects. Almost 1 in 5 women and 1 in 15 men suffer from migraines, making it a widespread medical disease. It typically starts in early adulthood. Various drugs are available to prevent and treat migraines, including sumatriptan. You can also get sumatriptan online with the convenience of quick delivery to your doorstep.

Common Symptoms of Migraine

Individuals with migraines experience different symptoms. However, if you concur with all or a number of the following assertions, your headache may be a migraine, and you should consider consulting a doctor.


  • You frequently get moderate to severe headaches. The discomfort could be excruciating and unmanageable.
  • Your headache brings on a throbbing, hammering or pulsating sensation.
  • Both sides of the head may be affected, or just one. Some people report having migraines behind their cheeks and even around their eyes.
  • Any movement or physical activity makes your head pain worse.
  • You are easily startled by light, loudness, or odours.
  • You feel sick to your stomach or throw up.
  • Your headache is so bad that you have to skip work, school, or other commitments.
  • An attack of a migraine can persist for four hours to several days.


Common Causes of Migraine

Although the exact causes of migraines are not fully understood, environment and genetics do have an impact. There is probably a hereditary component to migraine because it frequently runs in families.

The majority of migraine sufferers will experience spontaneous attacks, meaning nothing they did or did not do precipitated the attack. This is simply how the illness acts. Some people will experience attacks for a known reason. Everyone has unique triggers. However, many standard triggers have a significant impact on a lot of individuals. Common triggers are stress, particular foods, skipping meals, liquor, sleeping excessively or too little, changes in the weather or barometer pressure, changes in women’s hormones, concussions, and traumatic injuries. Even though migraine can afflict persons of any gender, age, ethnicity, race, or background, it seems to strike women more frequently. Research indicates that hormones may have a role in the three times greater prevalence of migraine in women than in males. Women are more likely than males to get migraines during their reproductive years, and girls are much more likely to begin having migraines when they experience their first menstruation.


How to Handle a Migraine Attack

All you want whenever a migraine attack starts is to feel better. Some people may find relief from migraine headaches by taking medication. Try the following advice if you require migraine first aid. The majority of these therapies are risk-free.


Use a cold or warm compress

Put a cold or warm compress on the back of your neck or forehead. A person may get numb from the cold. It takes the mind off the headache. Keep a cloth in both your skin and the ice pack for protection, and if you’re using a commercialised cold pack, check for any gaps that could allow chemicals to escape and potentially injure your eyes. Some people may prefer a warm compress. Tense muscles can be relaxed by heat. Taking a warm shower or bath is another viable option.


Rest in a Dark, Quiet Place

Numerous migraine sufferers claim to be sensitive to both light and noise, which might aggravate their migraines.

You might be able to fall asleep if you go to a bedroom that is silent and dark. You may experience less pain and tension as a result of this.

Lay down and focus on your breathing. Try inhaling slowly and deeply via your diaphragm. As you inhale, feel your tummy rise; as you exhale, feel it descend. This routine can benefit you.


Hydrate Immediately

Dehydration is cited as a migraine trigger by about one of the third sufferers. Therefore, maintaining proper hydration in between attacks may aid in some relief. Have a hard time getting enough water? Try adding a piece of lime or lemon to plain water to give it some taste, or try a few drops of fruit juice. Drinking more water is possible when it tastes better.


Have a massage

A massage can not only help you unwind and take care of yourself, but it can also ease tension and even help you avoid headaches and migraines. With just one massage, 8 out of 10 participants significantly reduced their headache discomfort, and the majority experienced almost instant relief.

The location of your massage may also be important. According to research, even simple massages of the hands, feet, and earlobes may effectively ease migraine pain.


Avoid Attacks By Exercising

While exercising during one migraine attack can exacerbate the discomfort, doing this between attacks might help you experience fewer migraines overall. Contrary to popular mistaken belief, most people don’t get migraines from exercising. Start with walking as an aerobic exercise because it is simple, safe, affordable, and practical to do so on a regular basis. That could lessen migraine symptoms and prevent attacks. Exercise can help with stress reduction and sleep improvement.



There are numerous ways to avoid and treat migraines, but no single method is guaranteed effective for everyone.

Knowing your triggers and avoiding them is the main factor in treating migraines. You should also treat symptoms promptly and seek the treatments or medications that work best for your type of migraine discomfort.